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OUR THYROID: Let's talk about it

Updated: May 4, 2023


Our thyroid gland that produces our thyroid hormone is found in the front of our neck.

What is our thyroid?


The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck that produces hormones involved in regulating the body's metabolism and other important functions.


The thyroid gland produces hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which play a critical role in regulating the body's metabolism- the rate at which your body burns calories and metabolizes nutrients-, growth and development, and other important functions such as heart rate, body temperature, and energy production.


The thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus in the brain through a feedback loop that maintains appropriate hormone levels in the body. When the thyroid gland is not functioning properly, it can lead to various health problems, such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and goiter.


What is an "Underactive thyroid gland"


This is called hypothyroidism, can cause a variety of symptoms, which may include:

  • Fatigue and weakness

  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight

  • Sensitivity to cold temperature

  • Dry skin and hair

  • Hair loss

  • Constipation

  • Depression

  • Muscle aches and stiffness

  • Irregular menstrual periods

  • Impaired memory and concentration

Not everyone with hypothyroidism experiences all of these symptoms, and the severity of symptoms can vary from person to person.


What is an "Overactive thyroid gland"


This is called hyperthyroidism, can cause a range of symptoms, which may include:

  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat

  • Nervousness and anxiety

  • Weight loss

  • Difficulty sleeping

  • Muscle weakness or tremors

  • Heat intolerance and excessive sweating

  • Increased appetite

  • Changes in bowel movements (more frequent or looser stools)

  • Eye problems, such as bulging eyes and vision changes

  • Menstrual cycle changes


The bottom line:


Not everyone with hyperthyroidism experiences all of these symptoms, and the severity of symptoms can vary from person to person. When the thyroid gland is not functioning properly and thyroid hormone levels are too low or too high, it can lead to various health problems. Speak to a healthcare provider experienced in evaluating and treating your thyroid dysfunction.


Carol Rademeyer is a highly regarded Advanced Practice Registered Nurse with a wealth of experience in women's health. With over 25 years of professional practice and a Master of Science Degree in Midwifery from the Midwifery Institute at Philadelphia University, she is a respected expert in her field. Her rigorous academic and professional background has earned her board certification in her specialty, and she has fulfilled the requirements in Florida for Autonomous Practice as an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse.


In addition to her clinical practice, Carol has also made significant contributions to the broader medical community. She has been published in several prestigious medical journals and has been a speaker at the national conference for the American College of Nurse Midwives, where she has shared her expertise and insights with her peers.

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