top of page

INSULIN RESISTANCE: Let's talk about it

Insulin Resistance: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Avoiding simple sugars and "sweets" is essential to help manage insulin resistance.

Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body becomes less responsive to insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. It's a growing health problem, particularly in developed countries, and is often associated with obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, an unhealthy gut, and poor dietary habits.

In this blog post, we'll explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for insulin resistance.

Symptoms of Insulin Resistance

In the early stages, insulin resistance may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, as the condition progresses, some people may experience fatigue and low energy levels, hunger and cravings, difficulty losing weight or unexplained weight gain, high blood pressure and elevated triglycerides, dark patches of skin on the neck, armpits, or other areas, skin tags or small, benign growths on the skin, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women, and sleep apnea.

If left untreated, insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes and other serious health problems. Therefore, getting a proper diagnosis and treatment is important if you suspect you may have insulin resistance.

Causes of Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance can occur due to various factors including

  • genetics

  • obesity

  • a sedentary lifestyle

  • aging

  • certain medical conditions.

When a person's body is exposed to high levels of insulin over a long period of time, the cells can become less responsive to the hormone, leading to insulin resistance. Other factors, such as chronic inflammation, stress and hormonal imbalances, can also contribute to the development of insulin resistance.

Treatment Options for Insulin Resistance

The treatment for insulin resistance depends on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. In general, the goal of treatment is to improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. Here are some effective treatments for insulin resistance:

1. Lifestyle changes: Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a balanced diet with a low glycemic index can all help to improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels.

2. Certain supplements and herbal treatments have been shown to be as effective as some medications for improving insulin sensitivity.

3. Medications: Certain medications, such as metformin, can help to improve insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels in people with insulin resistance or prediabetes.

It's important to work closely with a healthcare professional to develop a treatment plan that's tailored to your specific needs and goals. In some cases, a combination of lifestyle changes and medications may be necessary to effectively manage insulin resistance and prevent complications. When working with a provider certified in functional medicine, they will help you identify the root cause and correct it.

The bottom line:

Insulin resistance is a common condition that can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. By recognizing the symptoms, understanding the causes, and seeking appropriate treatment, you can manage your condition and improve your overall health and well-being.

Carol Rademeyer is a highly regarded Advanced Practice Registered Nurse with a wealth of experience in women's health. With over 25 years of professional practice and a Master of Science Degree in Midwifery from the Midwifery Institute at Philadelphia University, she is a respected expert in her field. Her rigorous academic and professional background has earned her board certification in her specialty, and she has fulfilled the requirements in Florida for Autonomous Practice as an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse.

In addition to her clinical practice, Carol has also made significant contributions to the broader medical community. She has been published in several prestigious medical journals and has been a speaker at the national conference for the American College of Nurse Midwives, where she has shared her expertise and insights with her peers.

Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page